Only sugarcane crops and coffee meet the demand within the country, having to import corn, beans, rice, fruits and vegetables in order to supply the needs of the population.
To overcome the problem, Oscar Albanés and Agustin Martinez, directors of the Agricultural Suppliers Association (APA) and the Chamber of Agriculture and Agro Industries (Camagro) indicate that, among other measures, "production chains should be developed and strengthened as well as coordinate collection systems allowing you to store crops so that farmers can gradually take their produce into market and negotiate good prices with wholesalers and the industry, maintaining and increasing production for the benefit of consumers, the country and their own.
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4 proposals will be presented to the Legislative Assembly, looking to solve the coffee grower's debt problem.
Mario Acosta Oertel, president of the Salvadoran Foundation for Coffee Research (PROCAFE), considers the proposals to be "viable, reasonable and sensible".
More comments by Acosta were reproduced in newspaper La Prensa Gráfica: " ...this proposals seek a consented agreement on the grower's debt, which now stands at $300 million...".
Salvadoran agrifood businesses have expressed their concern that the announced investments are part of a political project.
An article in Laprensagrafica.com that "Alba Foods, another productive programs, along with Alba Petróleos- tied to the political strategy of the FMLN, has invested $30 million this year and among the basic grain harvest 2012 and 2013, expects to complete $60 million to expand its geographical presence.
Businessmen from the Salvadoran agricultural sector remarked that the measure could cause a 60% drop in production.
The warning came from the international organization CropLife, which is a member of the Agricultural Suppliers Association (APA) of El Salvador. "The FAO has said that without the use of pesticides, you run the risk of losing between 40% and 60% of the harvest, and this not only true in El Salvador, but around the world," said Martin Zuniga, CropLife regional director for Central America and the Caribbean.
The early onset of the rainy season and the delay in the delivery of improved seed is threatening production.
The agricultural sector may face significant economic losses in grain production if this years rains are particularly intense.
Industry representatives are worried that the late delivery of seed for planting (which was estimated to arrive May 30 instead of April 15) may significantly affect future harvests.