The Best Economics Vaccine: Containing the Fiscal Deficit

In light of the European crisis and slow growth in the U.S., the best protection for Latin American countries is macroeconomic discipline.

Monday, August 6, 2012

Although it is believed that regional banks are "solid, liquid and stable," the recommendation for Latin America to avoid or at least mitigate the inevitable effects of the economic crisis in Europe and the slow recovery of the U.S., is to keep a lid on fiscal deficit.

An article in reports that the president of the Latin American Banking Federation (FELABAN), Oscar Rivera, has recommended that countries in the region comply with the rules governing the economy and containing the fiscal deficit. These are be some recipes to avoid crisis being suffered by Europe. "The logical thing is for governments not to have budget deficits. Not having deficits and making any long tern debts shortened as much as possible. "

China, which is seen as the locomotive of the global economy, "in the second quarter posted its lowest growth rate in the last three years (7.6%)", meaning that it may not be the solution to the crisis in Europe which is one of the major markets for Latin American exports.

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Costa Rica's Fiscal Deficit Ended 2012 at 4.4% of GDP

January 2013

The annual imbalance between government expenditures and revenues grew by 0.3%. Expenses grew by 10.6% in 2012, 1.7% more than the increase in 2011.

A statement from the Ministry of Finance reads:

The financial deficit of the Central Government at the end of 2012 was 4.4% of GDP, equivalent to ¢1,003,098 million. This deficit is lower than that projected earlier this year (4.8%).

Panama: Fiscal Deficit Kept in Check

February 2012

In a context of increasing physical investment by the state, the fiscal deficit of 2011 was 2.3% of GDP, far from the 3% limit set by law.

Panama's fiscal deficit in 2011 was 2.3% of GDP, or $703.1 million, a figure that is within the scope of the goal to not go over 3% of GDP.

Guatemala: Public Debt Could Reach 25.5% of GDP

January 2014

The fiscal deficit of 2.3% proposed for the 2014 budget would cause such an increase in the Guatemalan public that could put monetary policy at risk.

In 2014 Guatemala's public debt will increase and it will be approximately $14.670 billion, equivalent to 25.5% of the country's GDP, explained Edgar Barquín, president of the Bank of Guatemala.

Bailout Plan for Honduras

April 2013

Just as several European countries have done, Honduras must prepare itself to ask for a bailout.

This was the suggestion made by the Social Forum of Honduran External Debt (Fosdeh) during the spring meetings of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank (WB). According to Mauricio Diaz, Fosdeh coordinator, "we are still making recommendations, and we have just done so to the IMF and the WB, the general idea is that we have to prepare a rescue plan."

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