From a press release from the Ministry of Economy and Finance:
According to the publication "Panama in Figures", from the National Institute of Statistics and Census, in 2006 in Panama had 957.017 registered for social security and for 2011, the number exceeded 1,2 million, indicating that the informal sector of the economy has declined . This is a great reference for estimating the level of formality of the economy, because as people are insured, their working relationship and commercial operations are formalized, said the Director of Economic and Social Analysis at the Ministry of Economy and Finance, Roger Alvarado.
Alvarado said that this can be quantified and seen when traveling on busy public roads in the city, because there are fewer vendors at traffic lights, a situation that was different in previous years when there were greater numbers of such merchants. This phenomenon also occurs in areas surrounding the capital city and the rest of the country's urban areas, it is more difficult now to find people to clean the gardens or homes. This is easy to verify in newspaper’s classifieds sections.
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The Executive has proposed that individuals and business organizations that operate informally pay a single tribute of $20 a year.
The Guatemalan vice president, Roxana Baldetti proposed formalizing the informal economy through payment of a single annual tax of $20 which would apply to micro, small and medium enterprises operating in this segment of the economy.
Among other criticisms it has been noted that the tax would encourage established companies to move towards informality.
The executive has rejected the proposal that individuals and organizations who operate informally pay a $20 annual tax, which was intended to expand the tax base.
The demand for credit by people who can not meet the requirements of regulated financial institutions, is favoring pawnshops and moneylenders.
Financial institutions operating under the official regulatory framework have requirements, as established in law, that many Guatemalans can not comply with when applying for a bank loan.
The Chamber of Commerce and Industry has requested that the new taxes proposed by the Treasury be discussed.
The bill proposed by the Salvadoran Treasury, the "Tax Simplification Law", proposes special charging mechanisms aimed at micro-companies and the informal sector.