The Panamanian Association of Business Executives (APEDA), has presented the economic freedom index, an indicator designed to measure the country's climate for attracting business and chances of increased employment options in the country.
The score obtained by Panama was 3.2 out of 5, which is an improvement on the last score. Apede conducted the study.
Among the elements restricting economic freedom in the country are high government spending and discrimination when collecting income taxes, based on economic activity.
On the other hand, notes an article in Prensa.com, the best results come from government control in banking and finance, intervention in wages and prices, property rights, regulatory initiatives, private sector development and constraints on foreign investment. "
The lower rating is the result of a larger sized government and more restrictions on foreign investment.
The indicator, prepared by the Panamanian Association of Business Executives (APEDE), moved down from 2.92 in 2012 to 2.85 this year.
According to the study of the Association, "the government controls through legal monopolies, granted via concessions, the sectors of electricity generation and transmission, management of the country's only international airport and the gaming market, among others."
In Central America, El Salvador leads (39 in the world), followed by Costa Rica (49), Panama (59), Guatemala (79), Nicaragua (98) and Honduras (99).
According to the Heritage Foundation, who develops the index in association with The Wall Street Journal, "economic freedom is the fundamental right of every human to control his or her own labor and property.
The 2009 Index of Economic Freedom: El Salvador 33 in the world, Costa Rica 46, Panama 55, Nicaragua 84, Guatemala 87, Honduras 91.
The 2009 Index of Economic Freedom, produced by The Wall Street Journal and The Heritage Foundation, covers 183 countries across 10 specific freedoms such as trade freedom, business freedom, investment freedom, and property rights.