Logistics for Agricultural Products Export

The IICA's (Inter-American Institute for Agricultural Cooperation) quick guide on the basics that the exporter must consider when defining logistics for export.

Tuesday, March 24, 2009



The term logistics appears for the first time in the military referring to both the acquisition of equipment and materials for a mission and the timely mobilization of data and supplies.
At present, logistics is associated with procedures ranging from the purchase of raw materials to final product delivery to consumers. There are planning, implementation and integration processes involved. In other words, it includes all matters relating to production planning, package handling and packing, transportation, inventory management, purchase order processing and information management throughout the chain so that consumers get the products quickly, economically and reliably.

To successfully break into international markets, exporting firms have to ensure delivery of the correct order, compliance with the requested specifications and quality and adjustment to the agreed time. This can be achieved with a good logistical performance. Indeed, a good logistic performance can:
-Streamline the process of the exporting company.
-Avoid paying fines and surcharges from transporters, customs, and even the selfsame customers.
-Find the best options in terms of cost, or at least maintain the originally anticipated costs.
-Get new orders due to good performance.
-Maintain a good business relationship with clients.
-Forge a good image for the client, i.e., the exporter is considered a reliable, capable and professional supplier.

View complete document (in spanish): "Logística para la Exportación de Productos Agrícolas, frescos y procesados".

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