The sector represents 99.4% of companies established in the country, demonstrating their importance in the national economy. Within this percentage, there are 463.803 micro family businesses, 148.574 micro and 13.208 small enterprises.
General Provisions: It contains aspects related to nature, scope, purpose, classification and definitions used in the draft, it also sets the objective of the proposal, the promotion of micro and small enterprises and the consolidation of existing units capable of creating jobs and value added products and promoting their integration into the economy. Also sets definitions of what is a micro and small enterprise, which is essential for establishing a general framework which should allow all state institutions to standardize the use of these terms.
Institutional Framework: This refers to the powers of central and local governments to support new entrepreneurs and existing MSEs, through incentives.
Economic Inclusion of MSEs: In this section, aspects of business registration and benefits which entails, in terms of obtaining training services, technical support, legal assistance and others.
It also states obligations of state institutions to promote participation of micro and small enterprises in government purchases. It also empowers municipalities to establish special arrangements on favorable rates and contributions for services, this as an incentive for entrepreneurship and development of MSEs in their municipalities.
In financing, it is determined by two funds: one called Guarantee Fund for MSEs, which aims to guarantee loans, short, medium and long term; the second is a Seed Capital Fund, which aims to promoting social entrepreneurship, seeking to fund projects or companies with environmental technology.
In addition to non-reimbursable funds, Panamanian entrepreneurs will receive technical assistance for elaborating business plans.
Congress is discussing Law 35, which comprises the creation of the Entrepreneurship Fostering Fund. This includes a Seed Capital trust fund, and resources for Technical Assistance, Guarantees and Micro-credit.
The Central Bank is preparing a draft law establishing a legal framework for factoring services.
Up until now factoring in the country has been governed only by the provisions of the Commercial Code, which falls short when regulating this funding mechanism, which is widely used particularly by SMEs.
The law passed by the Legislature allows companies to use their personal property as collateral to take out productive loans.
From a statement issued by the National Assembly of Nicaragua:
During the plenary session on October 5, the National Assembly approved in general the Secured Transactions Law, a legal instrument to promote access to credit for micro, small and medium enterprises by putting up any movable goods used in their daily work as collateral.
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