Dollar Credit Up 15%

In Costa Rica, the current stability of interest rates and dollar exchange rates favor loans in U.S. currency.

Wednesday, May 30, 2012

Dollar loans have recovered from the downward trend in 2010 to show positive growth rates since 2011, according to the Central Bank of Costa Rica.

In August 2010, a low of 15% was recorded, compared to 2009, but in September 2011, there was an increase of 20% compared to September 2010. In April, the annual growth rate was 15%, reported

"The difference in interest rates in colones and dollars is encouraging demand for dollar credit, assuming a stable exchange rate," said Gerardo Corrales, president of the Costa Rican Banking Association.

More on this topic

Costa Rica: Bank Lending Slows

August 2014

The scare liquidity of colones explains the lower growth of loans in this currency, while credit growth in dollars continues to lose strength.

Added to the diminished liquidity in colones putting downward pressure on credit growth in that currency, is uncertainty at enterprise-level over recent changes in the exchange rate and lower credit demand for real estate projects, power generation and tourism, as explained by bankers to

Costa Rica: Strong Growth in Dollar Loans

September 2012

State banks are leading this growth, although private banks still retain 61% of the total loan portfolio in the U.S. currency.

An article in reports that "The growth in dollar loans from public banks is striking because it is a market that traditionally is dominated more by private financial institutions."

Costa Rica: Loans in Dollars Get More Expensive

May 2015

Arguing an attempt to control credit growth in dollars, the Central Bank will apply a reserve limit of 15% to banks that receive lines of foreign funding in that currency.

The banking sector has opposed the measure, asserting that it will result in an increase in the cost of credit in dollars, affecting the business sector, especially exporters and importers who normally resort to credit lines in dollars to finance their operations abroad.

Tighter Rules for Credit in Dollars

May 2013

The Sugef in Costa Rica has demanded tighter controls on banks when lending in dollars.

As part of the measures proposed by the Superintendent of Financial Institutions (Sugef), financial institutions must conduct a capacity analysis on the borrower, as well as requiring collateral and credit history, a test now only done when the loan is for more than $130,000.

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