From the publication "Recommendations for Logistics Frozen Products, Frozen and Ice Cream, AECOC"
Technical as well as sanitary controls for food and food products that typically require freezing temperatures for preservation and alteration must be extended to the operations of the entire supply chain so that from the origin to the final time of consumption the product keeps its inherent qualities.
This requires establishing guidelines to ensure the proper treatment of the product at all stages of logistics chain and the organization needed between suppliers, customers, logistics operators and the consumer, in a coordinated manner, so as to meet the conditions required in each of the phases which include: collection, capture, slaughter, production, storage, transport, storage, and consumer. All of them must have adequate facilities where the product is kept under an artificial cooling system, for conservation purposes.
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A cold chain must ensure that vaccines, from the manufacturing process through to patient immunization, are maintained at the required temperatures.
From the 52nd edition of ACAIRE Journal by the Colombian
Association of Air and Refrigeration:
Vaccines are highly sensitive biological substances, whose condition and effectiveness become compromised over time and they are especially affected by exposure to heat (in some cases, at low temperatures), sunlight and fluorescent lights.
USTDA awarded a grant to Gulf Coast International Cargo Panama, S.A., a private cargo and distribution firm, to increase Panama's trade capacity and strengthen its food security distribution system
The grant reflects USTDA's strategy of focusing on projects in Panama that will create export opportunities for U.S.
The $4 million investment will see GCIC construct a cold store facility for handling refrigerated products in Panama's international airport.
The company Gulf Coast International Cargo (GCIC) will also set up a pre-certification center for goods coming from South America headed for the USA via Panama.
Taiwan will develop in Nicaragua a cold storage system with an investment of $5 million, for storing genetic seeds, dairy products, fruits and vegetables.
The executive director of the Institute of Rural Development, IDR, Peter Haslam, revealed that the cold storage system, to be built by Taiwan, will be able to collect 520,000 pounds of milk,156,000 quintals of fruits and vegetables a year and an unspecified number of biotech crops.